The ossuary of of the monastery Nea Moni in Chios. Many of the skulls have sword marks from the 1821 massacre of the island by the ottoman army.
Nea Moni is a monastery on the island of Chios, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built in the 11th century by Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomachos and his wife, Empress Zoe. The Katholikon (main church ) is dedicated to the Dormition of the Virgin Mary.